Individuals Exposed to COVID-19

The Madison County Department of Health (MCDOH) recommends that people who get tested for COVID-19 should self-quarantine until they receive test results if they have symptoms or who have been exposed to someone with COVID-19.  

What Does Quarantine Mean?

Individuals exposed to someone who tested positive for COVID-19 may be subject to a quarantine. The purpose of quarantine is to prevent the spread of COVID-19 by restricting the movement and activities of people who have been exposed to someone with COVID-19 to see if they become sick within 14 days. 

If exposed to COVID-19, NYSDOH says to quarantine as follows, where day 0 is the last date of exposure: 

  • If not fully vaccinated or fully vaccinated and eligible for a booster but not yet boosted, quarantine for 5 days and wear a well-fitting mask while around others for an additional 5 days. To report an exposure and receive quarantine orders use the form below.
  • If fully vaccinated and boosted (with the booster at least 2 weeks before the first date of exposure) or not yet eligible for a booster, no quarantine is required but these individuals should wear a well-fitting mask while around others for 10 days after the last date of exposure. 

If possible, test at day 5 with either a PCR or antigen test. If symptoms appear, quarantine and seek testing. In this situation, quarantine would end when the test is negative. If testing is not done, isolate according to the guidance above. 

When you have met the requirements for release from quarantine, you may complete a self-attestation form as legal documentation for your quarantine and for New York Paid Family Leave COVID-19 claims:

This form is for your own use, DO NOT submit it to the Madison County Health Department.  Please either print and fill out this form for your records or fill out online and save it to your computer. 

NYS Quarantine Form

Regardless of vaccination status, all individuals exposed to a positive case of COVID-19 should: 

  • Monitor symptoms for 14 days from day of last exposure;
  • Continue strict adherence to all recommended non-pharmaceutical interventions, including hand hygiene and the use of face coverings;
  • Immediately seek testing if any symptoms of COVID-19 develop.

It is recommended that individuals without symptoms get tested for COVID-19 between 5 and 7 days from last day of exposure to the positive case. 

Individuals with no symptoms exposed to COVID-19 who have been previously diagnosed with laboratory confirmed COVID-19, and have since recovered, are not required to retest and quarantine within 3 months after the date of symptom onset from the initial COVID-19 infection or date of first positive diagnostic test if asymptomatic during illness.

More information is available on the CDC website:

Special Populations


K-12 Schools

  • Same isolation and quarantine guidelines as for the general population, except all individuals who are fully vaccinated (students, teachers and staff) who have been exposed to an individual with COVID-19 may continue to attend or work at school regardless of booster status, while quarantined outside of school as long as they are asymptomatic.
  • New guidance supersedes the Madison County Isolation and Quarantine Guidance for Madison County Schools issued September 8, 2021. 

High-Risk Congregate Setting (correctional facilities, shelters, etc.)

  • CDC recommends a 10-day quarantine for residents, regardless of vaccination and booster status. 
  • During periods of critical staffing shortages, facilities may follow the NYSDOH guidance issued December 24, 2021 regarding staff returning to work to ensure continuity of operations.  

Healthcare Workers 

Employment Status

New York State enacted legislation authorizing paid sick leave for individuals subject to quarantine or isolation order due to COVID-19. Details on the available benefits can be found at

Meeting Personal Needs

In addition to ensuring that shelter requirements are met, health department staff will ensure individuals under quarantine will have their social, medical, and mental health needs addressed.

Please visit the New York State Department of Health for more information: