How does E. coli spread?

E. coli infections can be spread in a variety of ways. People can become infected with E. coli 0157:H7 by eating under-cooked, contaminated ground beef or from eating contaminated bean sprouts or fresh, leafy vegetables such as lettuce and spinach. Infection may occur after drinking raw milk or after swimming in or drinking sewage-contaminated water. Person-to-person contact is a known mode of transmission as bacteria in loose stool of infected persons can be passed to others if hand washing or hygiene habits are not adequate.

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1. What is E. coli 0157:H7?
2. What happens when a person is infected with E. coli?
3. How does E. coli spread?
4. How is an E. coli infection diagnosed?
5. What kind of testing is done?
6. What is an outbreak?
7. How is an E. coli infection treated?
8. What steps can a person take to prevent an E. coli infection?